The Rush Bagot Pact was an agreement between the United States and Britain to eliminate their fleets from the Great Lakes, with the exception of small patrol ships. The Convention of 1818 established the boundary between the Missouri Territory in the United States and British North America (later Canada) at the forty-ninth parallel. Both agreements reflected the easing of diplomatic tensions that had led to the War of 1812 and marked the beginning of Anglo-American cooperation. The importance of the Rush-Bhatot agreement: What was the significance of the Rush-Bagot treaty? The Rush-Bhatot agreement was important because: What is the Rush-Bhatot agreement? The Rush Bagot treatise was extremely unusual as it was based on an exchange of notes (letters) between Richard Rush and Sir Charles Bagot. The conditions were explained to Richard Rush of President Monroe in a letter dated the 2nd. It was proposed in 1816. The method of reaching an agreement between the American and British governments was the diplomatic means known as the “exchange of notes”. A number of notes were passed between Rush and Bagot and they reached an agreement. In 1818, the U.S. Senate gave its approval to the notes, giving them the authority of a treaty. The simple exchange of notes between the two diplomats thus became the Treaty of Rush-Bagot. An Ontario Heritage Trust plaque in Kingston, Ontario honours the Rush Bagot Accord (44°13′48″N 76°27′59″W / 44.229894°N 76.466292°W / 44.229894; -76.466292).

A commemorative plaque is also at the former location of the British legation in Washington, D.C. (38°54′13.7″N 77°3′8.4″W / 38.903806°N 77.052333°W / 38.903806; -77.052333), where the agreement was negotiated. A monument also stands on the grounds of Old Fort Niagara (43°15′48″N 79°03′49″W / 43.263347°N 79.063719°W / 43.263347; -79.063719), with reliefs of Rush and Bagot and the words of the treaty. [10] Bagot met informally with Secretary of State James Monroe and eventually reached an agreement with his successor, Acting Minister Richard Rush. The agreement limited military navigation on the Great Lakes to one to two ships per country on each sea. The U.S. Senate ratified the agreement on April 28, 1818. The British government considered that a diplomatic exchange of letters between Rush and Bagot was sufficient to make the agreement effective. ● This meant improved diplomatic relations between the United States and Britain● The agreement ended the costly great lakes arms race that had begun with the War of 1812● The Rush Bagot Treaty was therefore the first treaty to reduce armaments Although the treaty caused difficulties during World War I, its conditions have not been modified. Similar problems arose before World War II, but Foreign Minister Cordell Hull wanted to preserve the agreement because of its historical importance.

In 1939 and 1940, Canada and the United States agreed to interpret the treaty in such a way that weapons could be installed in the Great Lakes, but could not be operational until ships left the lakes. In 1942, the United States, which had since entered the war and allied with Canada, successfully proposed that the weapons could be fully installed and tested in the lakes by the end of the war. After discussions in the Permanent Joint Defence Council in 1946, Canada also proposed to interpret the agreement to allow the use of ships for training purposes if each country informed the other. [9] Although the agreements did not fully resolve border disputes and trade agreements, the Rush Bagot Agreement and the 1818 Convention marked an important turning point in Anglo-American and American-Canadian relations. The Rush Bagot agreement began as a series of letters between acting US Secretary of State Richard Rush and british Minister in Washington, Sir Charles Bagot. Once the terms of the agreement were concluded, both sides began to follow them. The treaty was officially ratified by the U.S. Senate on April 16, 1818. Under the Rush Bagot agreement, fisheries disputes between the United States and Canada have been settled temporarily.

American fishermen have regained access to the waters around Newfoundland. HMCS` stone frigate, located at the Royal Military College in Kingston, Ontario, was built in 1820 to store part of the dismantled British fleet of the War of 1812, which had been dismantled under the Rush-Bhatot Treaty. [5] What were the terms of the Rush-Bagot agreement? The terms of the Rush Bagot were that each side had to imprison its warships as follows: American political leaders had long expressed interest in disarming the Great Lakes and proposed such a measure during the negotiations that led to the Jay Treaty of 1794, but British officials had rejected this proposal. During the War of 1812, Britain and the United States had built fleets of ships on Lakes Erie and Ontario and fought many battles in the region. By the end of the war, American forces had gained supremacy over the lakes. After the war, both powers distrusted each other`s military strength and a post-war shipbuilding race ensued. But both countries also wanted to cut military spending. Unfortunately, the Treaty of Ghent, which ended the war, did not contain any disarmament provisions. .